Free Public Speaking Ebook:
The Classic Public Speaking
Guide Written by FDR's Instructor!
|If you're new to public speaking, you may not
realize how trendy professional speaking advice can be.
In the days of the Greeks, all the emphasis was on content
and logic - these days it's all on presentation. Substance,
or style? How about both. I'm happy to give you this free
ebook download, Public Speaking:
Principles and Practice by Irvah Lester Winter, Franklin
Delano Roosevelt's Public Speaking instructor!
What follows is a sample from the Public Speaking ebook. To
download it, look in the lefthand column over there <---
Public Speaking Tips From "Establishing the Tone"
The common trouble in using the voice for the
more vigorous or intense
forms of speaking is a contraction or straining of the throat.
impedes the free flow of voice, causing impaired tone, poor
enunciation, and unhealthy physical conditions.
So very common is
the "throaty" tone and so connected is throat pressure
with every other
vocal imperfection, that the avoiding or the correcting of this
fault demands constant watchfulness in all vigorous vocal work.
to avoid the faulty control of voice is, of course, to learn at
proper time the general principles of what singers call voice
These principles are few and, in a sense, are
but they are not easily made perfectly clear in writing, and a
application of them, even in the simpler forms of speaking, often
requires persistent practice. It will be the aim here to state
what the student is most likely to understand and profit by, and
leave the rest to the personal guidance of a teacher.
Public Speaking Tips From "Vocal Flexibility"
The next step in the training is to try a more
varied use of the voice,
without a loss of what has been acquired as to formation of tone.
student is to make himself able to slide the voice up and down
pitch, by what is called inflection, to raise or lower the pitch
varied intervals, momentarily to enlarge or diminish the tone,
expressive ways; in short, to adapt the improved tone, the more
effective method of voice control, to more varied speech. In the
practice for getting tone variation, the student must guard most
carefully against "forcing."
As soon as can
be, the speech should be brought down to the utmost of simplicity
naturalness, so that the thought of literature can be expressed
reality and truth; can be made to sound exactly as if it came
unstudied, spontaneous expression of the student's own mind, and
it can be heard, so it will be adequate, so it will be pleasing
sound. The improved tone is to become the student's inevitable,
Public Speaking Tips From "Making the Point"
When the student has made a fair degree of progress
in the more
strictly mechanical features of speech, the formation of tone,
delivery of words, he is ready to give himself up more fully to
effective expression of thought. Of first importance to the speaker,
it is to the writer, is the way to make himself clear as to his
The question has to be put again and again to
speaker, What is your point? What is the point in the sentence?
the point in some larger division of the speech? What is the point,
purpose, of the speech as a whole? This point, or the meaning
is said, should be so put, should be so clear, that no effort
required of a listener for readily apprehending and appreciating
Discussing now only the question of delivery,
we say that the making of
a point depends mainly upon what we commonly call emphasis. Extending
the meaning of emphasis beyond the limit of mere stress, or weight,
voice, we may define it as special distinctness or impressiveness
In the case of a sentence there is often one place
meaning is chiefly concentrated; often the emphasis is laid sharply
upon two or more points or words in the sentence; sometimes it
increasingly on immediately succeeding words, called a climax,
sometimes the stress of utterance seems to be almost equally
distributed through all the principal words of the sentence.
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